M. Daniel Carroll R. (Rodas), Ph.D.

Blanchard Professor of Old Testament
On Faculty since 2016

Office: BGC 511
Phone: (630)752-5155


Ph.D. Old Testament, University of Sheffield, 1990

Th.M. Old Testament, Dallas Theological Seminary, 1980

B.A. English Literature, Rice University, 1975

About M. Daniel Carroll R. (Rodas)

I am half-Guatemalan (my mother was Guatemalan) and was raised bilingual and bicultural. In my youth I spent many summers in Guatemala and later taught at El Seminario Teológico Centroamericano in Guatemala City for thirteen years. The realities of Central America sparked my fascination with the Old Testament. The relevance of the biblical text for the challenges of poverty, war, and politics in those developing countries led me to a passionate focus on Old Testament social ethics and the social sciences. In addition, my studies in English literature and literary theory have generated an ongoing engagement with literary approaches to the Old Testament and critical studies. Experiences in this country and abroad have led me to a deep appreciation for the unique contributions that ethnic minorities, women, and the global church make to the interpretation of the Old Testament.

Before coming to Wheaton I taught Old Testament at Denver Seminary for many years and founded a Spanish-language lay training program there. Currently I serve on the steering committee of the Hispanic Theological Initiative, a consortium of PhD-granting institutions committed to nurturing Latino/a students in their research programs. Wheaton College is a member of this consortium. At Wheaton I hope to model a commitment to connecting careful biblical scholarship with the mission of the church as it engages today’s complex realities.

To relax I love reading mystery novels, Latin American literature, and nineteenth-century English works. My wife and I enjoy Latin American food and music and collect Guatemalan art. We have two adult married sons and two grandsons. I confess to being a crazy fan of all kinds of sports.

Courses Taught

  • BITH 449/639 New Voices in Old Testament Studies
  • BITH 635 Hebrew Exegesis (Amos)
  • BITH 638 Old Testament Theology
  • BITH 882 Old Testament Social Ethics

Membership in Professional Societies

  • Evangelical Theological Society
  • Institute for Biblical Research
  • Society of Biblical Literature
  • Society for Old Testament Studies (U.K.)
  • Fraternidad Teológica Latinoamericana


  • Theological foundations and themes in Old Testament social ethics
  • Old Testament theology and exegesis from ethnic minority (especially Hispanic) and Majority World perspectives
  • Literary-theological approaches to Old Testament texts
  • Biblical-theological approaches to ancient and contemporary migration and diaspora
  • Themes in Old Testament biblical theology, including the mission of God, theodicy, history, and worship


Books Published

Christians at the Border: Immigration, the Church, and the Bible. Sec. ed. Grand Rapids: Brazos, 2013.

Amos—The Prophet and His Oracles: Research on the Book of Amos. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2002.

Contexts for Amos: Prophetic Poetics in Latin American Perspective. JSOTSup 132. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1992.

Books Edited 

Immigrant Neighbors Among Us: Immigration across Theological Traditions. Co-editor with L. A. Sánchez M. Eugene: Wipf & Stock, 2015.

Wrestling with the Violence of God: Soundings in Old Testament Texts. Co-editor with J. B. Wilgus. BBRSup 10. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2015.

Global Voices: Reading the Bible in the Majority World. Co-editor with C. S. Keener. Peabody: Hendrickson, 2012.

Character Ethics and the Old Testament: Moral Dimensions of Scripture. Co-editor with J. Lapsley. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2007.

Theory and Practice in Old Testament Ethics by John Rogerson, with an Introduction by M. Daniel Carroll R. JSOTSup 405. London: T. & T. Clark, 2004.

The Family in the Bible: Exploring Customs, Culture, and Context. Co-editor with R. S. Hess. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2003.

Israel’s Messiah in the Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Co-editor with R. S. Hess. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2003.

Rethinking Contexts, Rereading Texts: Contributions from the Social Sciences to Biblical Interpretation. JSOTSup 299. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2000.

The Bible and Ethics: The Second Sheffield Colloquium. Co-editor with J. W. Rogerson, M. Davies. JSOT Supplement Series 207; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995.

The Bible in Human Society: Essays in Honour of Professor John W. Rogerson. Co-editor with D. J. A. Clines, P. R. Davies. JSOT Supplement Series 200; Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995.

Representative Articles and Chapters in Books

“Amos”, “Obadiah”, “Jonah.” In Baker lllustrated Bible Background Commentary, ed. J. Scott Duvall and J. Daniel Hays. Grand Rapids: Baker, forthcoming.

“Latino/Latina Biblical Interpretation.” In Scripture and its Interpretation: An Ecumenical, Global Introduction to the Bible, ed. M. Gorman. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, forthcoming.

“The Bible and Hispanic Immigration”. In The Hispanic Evangelical Church in the United States: History, Ministry and Challenges, ed. Samuel Pagán. Elk Grove, CA: National Hispanic Christian Leadership Conference, 2016. Spanish version: “La Biblia y los desafíos de la inmigración hispana.” In La iglesia evangélica hispana en los E.E.U.U.: Historia, ministerio y desafíos.

“Diaspora and Mission in the Old Testament.” In Scattered and Gathered: A Global Compendium of Diaspora Missiology, ed. S. J. Tira and T. Yamamori. Regnum Studies in Mission. Eugene: Wipf & Stock, 2016.

“‘I will send fire’: Reflections on the Violence of God in Amos.” In Wrestling with the Violence of God: Soundings in the Old Testament. Co-editor with J. Blair Wilgus. BBRSup 10. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2015.

“Once a Stranger, Always a Stranger? Immigration, Assimilation, and the Book of Ruth.” International Bulletin of Missionary Research 39, no. 4 (2015): 185-88.

“Amos.” In Fortress Commentary on the Bible, vol. 1, ed. G. A. Yee, H. R. Page Jr., M. J. M. Coomber. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2014.

“Welcoming the Stranger: Toward a Theology of Immigration in Deuteronomy.” In For Our Good Always: Studies on the Message and Influence of Deuteronomy in Honor of Daniel I. Block, ed. J. S. DeRouchie, J. Gile, and K. J. Turner. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2013.

“Ethics and Old Testament Interpretation.” In Hearing the Old Testament: Listening for God’s Address, ed. C. Bartholomew and D. Beldman. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2012.

“Ethics”, “Social Science Approaches.” In Dictionary of the Old Testament: The Prophets, ed. M. Boda and J. G. McConville. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2012.

“Aliens, Immigration, and Refugees,” “Amos,” “Micah,” and “Old Testament Ethics,” in Dictionary of Scripture and Ethics, ed. J. Green et al. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2011.

“Amos.” In The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Books of the Bible, ed. M. D. Coogan. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

“The Bible and Ethics”, with Darrell Bock. In The Oxford Handbook of Evangelical Theology, ed. G. McDermott. New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.

“Amos.” In New Interpreters One Volume Commentary of the Bible, ed. B. Gaventa and D. Petersen. Nashville: Abingdon, 2010.

“A Biblical Theology of the City and the Environment: Human Community in the Created Order.” In Keeping God’s Earth: The Global Environment in Biblical Perspective, ed. N. Toly and D. Block. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2010.

“Hosea.” In The Expositor’s Bible Commentary, vol. 8, ed. T. Longman III and D. Garland, rev. edn. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2008.

“Impulses toward Peace in a Country at War: The Book of Isaiah between Realism and Hope.” In War in the Bible and Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century, ed. R. S. Hess and E. A. Martens. Bulletin for Biblical Research Supplement 2. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2008.

“‘He Has Told You What Is Good’: Moral Formation in Micah.” In Character Ethics and the Old Testament: Scripture and Moral Life, ed. M. D. Carroll R. and J. Lapsley. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2007.

“A Passion for Justice and the Conflicted Self: Lessons from the Book of Micah.” Journal of Psychology and Christianity 25 (2006): 169-76.

“La ética social de los profetas y su relevancia para América Latina hoy.” Four part series, Kairós 32-35 (2003-2004).

“Orphan”, “Widow”, “Wealth and Poverty.” In Dictionary of the Old Testament: The Pentateuch, ed. D. W. Baker and T. D. Alexander. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2003.

“Amos” and “Malachi.” In Eerdmans Commentary on the Bible, ed. J. D. G. Dunn and J. W. Rogerson. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans; Carlisle: Paternoster, 2003.

“Liberation Theology: Latin America.” In The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible, ed. J. Rogerson. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

“Blessing the Nations: Toward a Biblical Theology of Mission from Genesis.” Bulletin of Biblical Research 10 (2000): 17-34.

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