Further Reading and Research


General works on Christianity and evangelicalism in North America

  • Brekus, Catherine A. and W. Clark Gilpin, eds. American Christianities: A History of Dominance and Diversity (North Carolina, 2011).
  • Butler, John, Grant Wacker and Randall Balmer. Religion in American Life: A Short History (Oxford, 2008).
  • Finke, Roger and Rodney Starke. The Churching of America, 1776-1990: Winners and Losers in Our Religious Economy (Rutgers, 1992).
  • Larsen, Timothy, ed. Biographical Dictionary of Evangelicalism (InterVarsity, 2003).
  • Noll, Mark A. A History of Christianity in the United States and Canada (Eerdmans, 1992).
  • Sweeney, Douglas A.  The American Evangelical Story: A History of the Movement (Baker, 2005). 

The origins and growth of evangelicalism in 18th and early 19th-century America, and studies of key figures in this period

  • Hambrick-Stowe, Charles. Charles G. Finney and the Spirit of American Evangelicalism (Eerdmans, 1996).
  • Hatch, Nathan O. The Democratization of American Christianity (Yale, 1989).
  • Heyrman, Christine Leigh. Southern Cross: The Beginnings of the Bible Belt (Knopf, 1997).
  • Kidd, Thomas. The Great Awakening: The Roots of Christianity in Colonial America (Yale, 2008).
  • Marsden, George M. Jonathan Edwards: A Life (Yale, 2003).
  • Noll, Mark A. America’s God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln (Oxford, 2002)
  • _____. The Rise of Evangelicalism: The Age of Edwards, Whitefield and the Wesleys (InterVarsity, 2003).
  • Raboteau, Albert. Slave Religion: The “Invisible Institution” in the Antebellum South (Oxford, 1978).
  • Smith, Timothy S. Revivalism & Social Reform: American Protestantism on the Eve of the Civil War (Harper & Bro., 1957).
  • Stout, Harry S. The Divine Dramatist: George Whitefield and the Rise of Modern Evangelicalism (Eerdmans, 1992).
  • Wolffe, John. The Expansion of Evangelicalism (InterVarsity, 2007).

Evangelicalism and the American religious scene in the period from the Civil War to the First World War

  • Bebbington, David W. The Dominance of Evangelicalism: The Age of Spurgeon and Moody (InterVarsity, 2005).
  • Blumhofer, Edith. Her Heart Can See: The Life and Hymns of Fanny J. Crosby (Eerdmans, 2005).
  • Dorsett, Lyle. Billy Sunday and the Redemption of Urban America (Eerdmans, 1991).
  • Findlay, James R. Dwight L. Moody, American Evangelist: 1838-1899 (Chicago, 1969).
  • Frank, Douglas. Less Than Conquerors: How Evangelicals Entered the Twentieth Century (Eerdmans, 1986).
  • Hutchison, William R. The Modernist Impulse in American Protestantism (Harvard, 1976).
  • Montgomery, William E. Under Their Own Vine and Fig Tree: The African-American Church in the South, 1865-1900 (LSU, 1993).
  • Moore, James R. The Post-Darwinian Controversies: A Study in the Protestant Struggle to Come to Terms With Darwin in Great Britain and America, 1870-1900 (Cambridge, 1979).
  • Ownby, Ted. Subduing Satan: Religion, Recreation, and Manhood in the Rural South, 1865-1920 (North Carolina, 1990).

The origins and nature of the fundamentalist movement, as well as some of its major personages

  • Bendroth, Margaret Lamberts. Fundamentalism and Gender, 1875 to the Present (Yale 1993).
  • Carpenter, Joel A. Revive Us Again: The Reawaening of American Fundamentalism: 1925-1950 (Oxford, 1997).
  • Hankins, Barry. Jesus and Gin: Evangelicalism, the Roaring Twenties and Today’s Culture Wars (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010).
  • Harris, Harriet. Fundamentalism and Evangelicals (Oxford, 1998).
  • Hart, D.G. Defending the Faith: J. Gresham Machen and the Crisis of Conservative Protestantism in America (Johns Hopkins, 1994).
  • Larson, Edward J. Summer For the God’s: The Scopes Trial and America’s Continuing Debate Over Science and Religion (Harvard, 1997).
  • Marsden, George M. Fundamentalism and American Culture: The Shaping of Twentieth-Century Evangelicalism, 1870-1925, Second ed. (Oxford, 2006).
  • Russell, C. Allyn. Voices of American Fundamentalism: Seven Biographical Studies (Westminster, 1976).
  • Trollinger, William Vance, Jr. God’s Empire: William Bell Riley and Midwestern Fundamentalism (Wisconsin, 1990).

The rise of ‘evangelicalism’ and the period since World War II

  • Ammerman, Nancy. Baptist Battles: Social Change and Religious Conflict in the Southern Baptist Convention (Rutgers, 1990).
  • Balmer, Randall. Mine Eyes Have Seen the Glory: A Journey Into the Evangelical Subculture in America, Fourth Edition (Oxford, 2006).
  • Colson, Charles with Richard John Neuhaus, eds. Evangelicals and Catholics Together: Toward a Common Mission (Word, 1995).
  • Dochuk, Darren J. From Bible Belt to Sunbelt: Plain-Folk Religion, Grassroots Politics, and the Rise of Evangelical Conservatism (W.W. Norton, 2011).
  • Eskridge, Larry. God's Forever Family: The Jesus People Movement in America (Oxford, 2013). 
  • Graham, Billy. Just As I Am: The Autobiography (HarperCollins, 1997).
  • Henry, Carl F. H. The Uneasy Conscience of Modern Fundamentalism (Eerdmans, 1946).
  • Lindsell, Harold. The Battle For the Bible (Zondervan, 1976).
  • Martin, William. A Prophet With Honor: The Billy Graham Story (William Morrow, 1991).
  • Marsden, George. Reforming Fundamentalism: Fuller Seminary and the New Evangelicalism (Eerdmans, 1987).
  • McGrath, Alister. Evangelicalism and the Future of Christianity (InterVarsity, 1995).
  • Noll, Mark A. The Scandal of the Evangelical Mind (Eerdmans, 1994).
  • Turner, John G. Bill Bright and Campus Crusade for Christ: The Renewal of Evangelicalism in Postwar America. (University of North Carolina Press, 2008).
  • Worthen, Molly.  Apostles of Reason: The Crisis of Authority in American Evangelicalism.  (Oxford, 2014). 

Aspects of the post-war separatistic fundamentalist movement

  • Dalhouse, Mark Taylor. An Island in the Lake of Fire: Bob Jones University, Fundamentalism & The Separatist Movement (Georgia, 1996).
  • Dollar, George W. A History of Fundamentalism in America (Bob Jones, 1973).
  • Himes, Andrew. The Sword of the Lord: The Roots of Fundamentalism in an American Family (Chiara, 2010).

The origins, development and spread of the Pentecostal and Charismatic movements

  • Anderson, Robert Mapes. Vision of the Disinherited: The Making of American Pentecostalism (Oxford, 1979).
  • Blumhofer, Edith W. Restoring the Faith: The Assemblies of God, Pentecostalism, and American Culture (Illinois, 1993).
  • _____. Aimee Semple McPherson: Everybody’s Sister (Eerdmans, 1992).
  • Burgess, Stanley M., Gary B. McGee, and Patrick H. Alexander, eds. Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements. (Zondervan, 1988).
  • DiSabatino, David. The Jesus People Movement: An Annotated Bibliography and General Resource (Greenwood, 1999).
  • Harrell, David Edwin. All Things Are Possible: The Healing and Charismatic Revivals in Modern America (Indiana, 1975).
  • _____. Oral Roberts: An American Life (Indiana, 1985).
  • Jacobsen, Douglas G. Thinking in the Spirit: Theologies of the Early Pentecostal Movement (Indiana University, 2003).
  • Martin, David. Pentecostalism: The World Their Parish (Willey-Blackwell, 2008).
  • Miller, Donald. Reinventing American Protestantism: Christianity and the New Millennium (California, 1997).
  • Synan, Vinson. The Holiness-Pentecostal Movement in the United States (Eerdmans, 1971).
  • Wacker, Grant. Heaven Below: Early Pentecostals and American Culture (Harvard, 2001).

Recent evolution of evangelicals’ place within American culture, involvement in politics, and a sampling of evangelical political and cultural analysis

  • Benson, Bruce Ellis and Peter G. Heltzel, eds. Evangelicals and Empire: Christian Alternative to the Political Status Quo (Brazos, 2008).
  • Brint, Steve and Jean Reith Schroedel, eds. Evangelicals and Democracy in America, 2 vols. (Russell Sage, 2009).
  • Bruce, Steven. The Rise and Fall of the New Christian Right: Conservative Politics in America, 1978-1988. (Oxford, 1988).
  • Colson, Charles W. God and Government, Revised ed. (Zondervan, 2007).
  • Hatfield, Mark. Between a Rock and a Hard Place (Word, 1976).
  • Henry, Paul B. Politics For Evangelicals (Judson, 1974).
  • Hunter, James Davison. Culture Wars: The Struggle to Define America (Basic Books, 1991).
  • Lienesch, Michael. Redeeming America: Piety & Politics in the New Christian Right (North Carolina, 1993).
  • Lindsay, Michael. Faith in the Halls of Power: How Evangelicals Joined the American Elite (Oxford, 2007).
  • Reed, Ralph. Active Faith: How Christians Are Changing the Soul of American Politics (Free Press, 1996).
  • Schaeffer, Francis A. A Christian Manifesto (Crossway, 1981).
  • Sider, Ronald J. Rich Christians in an Age of Hunger: Moving From Affluence to Generosity, Fifth Edition (Thomas Nelson, 2005). 
  • Smith, Christian. Christian America? What Evangelicals Really Want (California, 2000).
  • Wallis, Jim. Agenda for Biblical People (Harper & Row, 1976).
  • _____. God’s Politics: Why the Right Gets It Wrong and the Left Doesn’t Get It (HarperOne, 2006).

Contemporary sociological data on evangelicals

There are any number of articles and various compilations of survey data that have looked into various dimensions of this issue. For a general overview of questions about numbers, demographics, and the relationship to evangelicals’ political involvement and preferences, see the following:

  • Green, John, Lyman Kellstedt, and Corwin Smidt. Religion and the Culture Wars: Dispatches From the Front (Rowman & Littlefield, 1996).
  • Emerson, Michael O. and Christian Smith. Divided by Faith: Evangelical Religion and the Problem of Race in America (Oxford, 2000).
  • Gallagher, Sally K. Evangelical Identity & Gendered Family Life (Rutgers University Press, 2003).
  • Lindsay, D. Michael.  Faith in the Halls of Power: How Evangelicals Joined the American Elite (Oxford, 2007). 
  • Smith, Christian. American Evangelicalism: Embattled and Thriving (Chicago, 1998).
  • Smith, Christian and Michael O. Emerson. Passing the Plate: Why American Christians Don’t Give Away More Money (Oxford, 2008).
  • Wuthnow, Robert. The Restructuring of American Religion: Society and Faith Since World War II (Princeton, 1988).

Evangelicals’ use of the media to reach the masses

  • Hadden, Jeffrey K. and Anson Shupe. Televangelism: Power & Politics On God’s Frontier (Henry Holt, 1988).
  • Hangen, Tona J. Redeeming the Dial: Radio, Religion and Popular Culture in America (North Carolina, 2001).
  • Hendershot, Heather. Shaking the World for Jesus: Media and Conservative Evangelical Culture (Chicago, 2004).
  • Howard, Jay R. and John M. Streck. Apostles of Rock: The Splintered World of Contemporary Christian Music (Kentucky, 1999).
  • Lee, Shayne and Phillip Luke Sinitiere.  Holy Mavericks: Evangelical Innovators and the Spiritual Marketplace (NYU, 2009). 
  • Schultze, Quentin J., ed. American Evangelicals and the Mass Media (Zondervan, 1990).
  • _____. Televangelism and American Culture: The Business of Popular Religion (Baker, 1991).
  • Sweet, Leonard I., ed. Communication and Change in American Religious History (Eerdmans, 1993).
  • Ward, Mark, Sr. Air of Salvation: The Story of Christian Broadcasting [National Religious Broadcasters] (Baker, 1994).
  • Wosh, Peter J. Spreading the Word: The Bible Business in Nineteeth-Century America (Cornell, 1994).

Evangelical views on prophecy and the end times

  • Boyer, Paul. When Time Shall Be No More: Prophecy Belief in American Culture (Harvard, 1992).
  • Burge, Gary. Jesus and the Land: The New Testament Challenge to “Holy Land” Theology (Baker, 2010).
  • Davis, John Jefferson. Christ’s Victorious Kingdom: Postmillennialism Reconsidered (Baker Books, 1986).
  • Gaustad, Edwin S., ed. The Rise of Adventism: Religion and Society in Mid- Nineteenth-Century America (Harper & Row, 1974).
  • Ladd, George Eldon. The Blessed Hope (Eerdmans, 1956).
  • Lindsey, Hal. The Late, Great Planet Earth (Zondervan, 1970).
  • Ryrie, Charles C. Dispensationalism (Moody Press, 1996).
  • Weber, Timothy P. On the Road to Armageddon: How Evangelicals Became Israel’s Best Friend (Baker, 2004). 

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